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HCMV US2 co-opts TRC8 to degrade the endoplasmic reticulum-resident protein LMAN2L

Hunter, Leah M., Kite, Joanne, Fletcher-Etherington, Alice, Nightingale, Katie, Nobre, Luis, Antrobus, Robin, Fielding, Ceri A. ORCID:, Stanton, Richard J. ORCID: and Weekes, Michael P. 2024. HCMV US2 co-opts TRC8 to degrade the endoplasmic reticulum-resident protein LMAN2L. Journal of General Virology 105 (4) , 001980. 10.1099/jgv.0.001980

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The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) pUS2 glycoprotein exploits the host’s endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway to degrade major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) and prevent antigen presentation. Beyond MHC-I, pUS2 has been shown to target a range of cellular proteins for degradation, preventing their cell surface expression. Here we have identified a novel pUS2 target, ER-resident protein lectin mannose binding 2 like (LMAN2L). pUS2 expression was both necessary and sufficient for the downregulation of LMAN2L, which was dependent on the cellular E3 ligase TRC8. Given the hypothesized role of LMAN2L in the trafficking of glycoproteins, we employed proteomic plasma membrane profiling to measure LMAN2L-dependent changes at the cell surface. A known pUS2 target, integrin alpha-6 (ITGA6), was downregulated from the surface of LMAN2L-deficient cells, but not other integrins. Overall, these results suggest a novel strategy of pUS2-mediated protein degradation whereby pUS2 targets LMAN2L to impair trafficking of ITGA6. Given that pUS2 can directly target other integrins, we propose that this single viral protein may exhibit both direct and indirect mechanisms to downregulate key cell surface molecules.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Microbiology Society
ISSN: 0022-1317
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 June 2024
Date of Acceptance: 12 April 2024
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2024 10:15

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