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The immunohistochemical expression of desmoplakin and its role in vivo in the progression and metastasis of breast cancer

Davies, E. L., Gee, Julia Margaret Wendy ORCID:, Cochrane, Richard A., Jiang, Wen Guo ORCID:, Sharma, A. K., Nicholson, Robert Ian and Mansel, Robert Edward ORCID: 1999. The immunohistochemical expression of desmoplakin and its role in vivo in the progression and metastasis of breast cancer. European Journal of Cancer 35 (6) , pp. 902-907. 10.1016/S0959-8049(99)00031-3

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Desmoplakin (DP) is a protein located at the inner plaque of desmosomes where it associates with the desmosomal cadherins to form a cell adhesion complex. Reduced expression of DP has been correlated with the progression of several cancers, but its role in in vivo breast cancer is yet to be established. The aim of this present paper was to determine the immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of DP in breast cancer specimens (n=75) in comparison with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (n=26), tumour associated normal (n=29) and normal breast tissue (n=7). DP expression was correlated with that of desmosomal cadherin, Desmoglein 2 (Dsg2) and other clinical and IHC prognostic markers. DP staining occurred at the sub-plasma membrane level. There was no significant correlation between the level of DP (as assessed by the H-score) and that of Dsg. Significantly stronger staining was demonstrated in normal breast tissue and well differentiated tumours compared with more moderately or poorly differentiated tumours (P=0.04). A significant inverse correlation was seen between DP staining and tumour size (P=0.01). In a limited series of 8 cases, primary tumours demonstrated significantly stronger staining than the matched metastatic lymph nodes (P=0.046). Of all the IHC markers examined, only Ki-67 showed a significant inverse relationship with DP staining (P=0.01). In summary, the data suggest that loss of DP may be of potential importance in progression of breast cancer in vivo from normal, DCIS, well differentiated through to poorly differentiated, large tumours. In addition, this loss may be associated with metastasis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Uncontrolled Keywords: breast; invasion; metastasis; adhesion; desmoplakin; desmoglein
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0014-2964
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 14:20

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