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Bias in the αβ T-cell repertoire: implications for disease pathogenesis and vaccination

Miles, John James, Douek, Daniel C. and Price, David ORCID: 2011. Bias in the αβ T-cell repertoire: implications for disease pathogenesis and vaccination. Immunology and Cell Biology 89 (3) , pp. 375-387. 10.1038/icb.2010.139

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The naïve T-cell repertoire is vast, containing millions of unique T-cell receptor (TCR) structures. Faced with such diversity, the mobilization of TCR structures from this enormous pool was once thought to be a stochastic, even chaotic, process. However, steady and systematic dissection over the last 20 years has revealed that this is not the case. Instead, the TCR repertoire deployed against individual antigens is routinely ordered and biased. Often, identical and near-identical TCR repertoires can be observed across different individuals, suggesting that the system encompasses an element of predictability. This review provides a catalog of αβ TCR bias by disease and by species, and discusses the mechanisms that govern this inherent and widespread phenomenon.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Uncontrolled Keywords: T cells, T-cell receptor, TCR repertoire
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 0818-9641
Last Modified: 07 May 2023 22:07

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