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Botulinum toxin cosmetic therapy correlates with a more positive mood

Lewis, Michael Bevan ORCID: and Bowler, P. J. 2009. Botulinum toxin cosmetic therapy correlates with a more positive mood. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology 8 (1) , pp. 24-26. 10.1111/j.1473-2165.2009.00419.x

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Background  It has been suggested that botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) treatment for frown lines can also be used as a treatment for depression. A psychological mechanism for this effect is reviewed in which paralysis of the corrugator (frown) muscles leads to less facial feedback for negative emotions. Consequently, a negative affect is harder to maintain and so the person has a more positive mood. Methods  In order to test this mechanism, the mood of patients who had received BTX-A treatment for glabelar frown lines was measured and compared with patients who had received other cosmetic treatments. Results  The BTX-A–treated patients showed significantly less negative mood. Conclusion  The results support the facial feedback view that frowning can make one unhappier. Treatments that prevent frowning correlate with reduced negative mood.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Uncontrolled Keywords: botulinum toxin A; glabelar frown lines; mood; depression; facial feedback
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1473-2165
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2022 09:08

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