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The role of residence in school segregation:  placing the impact of parental choice in perspective

Taylor, Christopher Matthew ORCID: and Gorard, Stephen 2001. The role of residence in school segregation:  placing the impact of parental choice in perspective. Environment and Planning A 33 (10) , pp. 1829-1852. 10.1068/a34123

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There have been many claims that the introduction of parental choice for schools in the United Kingdom would lead to further socioeconomic segregation between schools. However, little evidence of this has actually emerged. Instead during the first half of the 1990s, in particular, the number of children living in poverty became more equally distributed between UK secondary schools. Part of the explanation for this lies with the prior arrangements for allocating children to schools, typically based upon designated catchment areas. In this paper we argue that the degree of residential segregation that exists in England ensured that schools were already highly segregated before the introduction of market reforms to education, and has continued to be the chief determinant of segregation since. We then suggest that the School Standards and Framework Act 1998, which advocates a return to the use of catchment areas and distance to school when allocating places in oversubscribed schools, may be leading inadvertently to increased socioeconomic segregation between schools.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Publisher: Pion
ISSN: 0308-518X
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 09:24

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