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Specific protease activity indicates the degree of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in chronic infected wounds

Wildeboer, D., Hill, Katja E. ORCID:, Jeganathan, F., Williams, David Wynne ORCID:, Riddell, Andrew David, Price, Patricia Elaine, Thomas, David William ORCID:, Stephens, Philip ORCID:, Abuknesha, R. A. and Price, R. G. 2012. Specific protease activity indicates the degree of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in chronic infected wounds. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 31 (9) , pp. 2183-2189. 10.1007/s10096-012-1553-6

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Chronic non-healing wounds are a major health problem with resident bacteria strongly implicated in their impaired healing. A rapid-screen to provide detailed knowledge of wound bacterial populations would therefore be of value and help prevent unnecessary and indiscriminate use of antibiotics—a process associated with promoting antibiotic resistance. We analysed chronic wound fluid samples, which had been assessed for microbial content, using 20 different fluorescent labelled peptide substrates to determine whether protease activity correlated with the bacterial load. Eight of the peptide substrates showed significant release of fluorescence after reaction with some of the wound samples. Comparison of wound fluid protease activities with the microbiological data indicated that there was no correlation between bacterial counts and enzyme activity for most of the substrates tested. However, two of the peptide substrates produced a signal corresponding with the microbial data revealing a strong positive correlation with Pseudomonas aeruginosa numbers. This demonstrated that short fluorescent labelled peptides can be used to detect protease activity in chronic wound fluid samples. The finding that two peptides were specific indicators for the presence of P. aeruginosa may be the basis for a diagnostic test to determine wound colonisation by this organism.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0934-9723
Funders: EPSRC
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2022 08:22

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