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Detailing patient specific modeling to aid clinical decision-making

Richmond, Stephen ORCID:, Al Ali, A. M., Beldie, L., Chong, Yuan Ting, Cronin, Andrew James, Dordevic, Jelena, Drage, Nicholas, Evans, D. M., Jones, Derek K. ORCID:, Lu, Y., Marshall, D., Middleton, J., Parker, Greg, Paternoster, L., Playle, Rebecca Anne ORCID:, Popat, Hashmat, Rosin, Paul L. ORCID:, Sidorov, Kirill A. ORCID:, Toma, Arshed M., Walker, B., Wilson, Caryl and Zhurov, Alexei ORCID: 2012. Detailing patient specific modeling to aid clinical decision-making. Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics 5 , pp. 105-131. 10.1007/978-94-007-4552-0_5

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The anatomy of the craniofacial skeleton has been described through the aid of dissection identifying hard and soft tissue structures. Although the macro and microscopic investigation of internal facial tissues have provided invaluable information on constitution of the tissues it is important to inspect and model facial tissues in the living individual. Detailing the form and function of facial tissues will be invaluable in clinical diagnoses and planned corrective surgical interventions such as management of facial palsies and craniofacial disharmony/anomalies. Recent advances in lower-cost, non-invasive imaging and computing power (surface scanning, Cone Beam Computerized Tomography (CBCT) and Magnetic Resonance (MRI)) has enabled the ability to capture and process surface and internal structures to a high resolution. The three-dimensional surface facial capture has enabled characterization of facial features all of which will influence subtleties in facial movement and surgical planning. This chapter will describe the factors that influence facial morphology in terms of gender and age differences, facial movement—surface and underlying structures, modeling based on average structures, orientation of facial muscle fibers, biomechanics of movement—proof of principle and surgical intervention.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Computer Science & Informatics
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 2212-9391
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2023 01:49

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