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The influence of asthma on face shape: a three-dimensional study

Al Ali, Ala, Richmond, Stephen ORCID:, Popat, Hashmat, Toma, Arshed M., Playle, Rebecca Anne ORCID:, Zhurov, Alexei ORCID:, Marshall, David, Rosin, Paul L. ORCID: and Henderson, John 2012. The influence of asthma on face shape: a three-dimensional study. European Journal of Orthodontics 36 (4) , pp. 373-380. 10.1093/ejo/cjs067

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Respiratory activity may have an influence on craniofacial development and interact with genetic and environmental factors. It has been suggested that certain medical conditions such as asthma have an influence on face shape. The aim of the study is to investigate whether facial shape is different in individuals diagnosed as having asthma compared with controls. Study design included observational longitudinal cohort study. Asthma was defined as reported wheezing diagnosed at age 7 years and 6 months. The cohort was followed to 15 years of age as part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. A total of 418 asthmatics and 3010 controls were identified. Three-dimensional laser surface facial scans were obtained. Twenty-one reproducible facial landmarks (x, y, z co-ordinates) were identified. Average facial shells were created for asthmatic and non-asthmatic males and females to explore surface differences. The inter-ala distance was 0.4mm wider (95% CI) and mid-face height was 0.4mm (95% CI) shorter in asthmatic females when compared with non-asthmatic females. No facial differences were detected in male subjects. Small but statistically significant differences were detected in mid-face height and inter-ala width between asthmatic and non-asthmatic females. No differences were detected in males. The lack of detection of any facial differences in males may be explained by significant facial variation as a result of achieving different stages of facial growth due to pubertal changes, which may mask any underlying condition effect.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0141-5387
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 08:13

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