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Rational engineering of plasticity residues of sesquiterpene synthases from 'Artemisia annua': Product specificity and catalytic efficiency

Li, Jian-Xu, Fang, Xin, Zhao, Qin, Ruan, Ju-Xin, Yang, Chang-Qing, Wang, Ling-Jian, Miller, David James, Faraldos, Juan A., Allemann, Rudolf Konrad ORCID:, Chen, Xiao-Ya and Zhang, Peng 2013. Rational engineering of plasticity residues of sesquiterpene synthases from 'Artemisia annua': Product specificity and catalytic efficiency. Biochemical Journal 451 (3) , pp. 417-426. 10.1042/BJ20130041

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Most TPSs (terpene synthases) contain plasticity residues that are responsible for diversified terpene products and functional evolution, which provide a potential for improving catalytic efficiency. Artemisinin, a sesquiterpene lactone from Artemisia annua L., is widely used for malaria treatment and progress has been made in engineering the production of artemisinin or its precursors. In the present paper, we report a new sesquiterpene synthase from A. annua, AaBOS (A. annua α-bisabolol synthase), which has high sequence identity with AaADS (A. annua amorpha-4,11-diene synthase), a key enzyme in artemisinin biosynthesis. Comparative analysis of the two enzymes by domain-swapping and structure-based mutagenesis led to the identification of several plasticity residues, whose alteration changed the product profile of AaBOS to include γ-humulene as the major product. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms, we solved the crystal structures of AaBOS and a γ-humulene-producing AaBOS mutant (termed AaBOS-M2). Among the plasticity residues, position 399, located in the substrate-binding pocket, is crucial for both enzymes. In AaBOS, substitution of threonine for leucine (AaBOSL339T) is required for γ-humulene production; whereas in AaADS, replacing the threonine residue with serine (AaADST399S) resulted in a substantial increase in the activity of amorpha-4,11-diene production, probably as a result of accelerated product release. The present study demonstrates that substitution of plasticity residues has potential for improving catalytic efficiency of the enzyme.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Artemisia annua, catalytic efficiency, domain swapping, plasticity residue, product profile, terpene synthase.
Publisher: Biochemical Society
ISSN: 0264-6021
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 17 May 2023 23:49

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