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Functional differences between influenza A-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte clones expressing dominant and subdominant TCR

Lawson, Thomas, Man, Stephen Tzekwung ORCID:, Wang, Edward Chung Yern ORCID:, Williams, Sheila, Amos, Nick, Gillespie, Geraldine M., Moss, Paul A. and Borysiewicz, Leszek K. 2001. Functional differences between influenza A-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte clones expressing dominant and subdominant TCR. International Immunology 13 (11) , pp. 1383-1390. 10.1093/intimm/13.11.1383

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We have shown that the dominance of CD8+ T cells expressing TCR Vβ17 in the adult HLA-A*0201-restricted influenza A/M158–66-specific response is acquired following first antigen exposure. Despite the acquired dominance of Vβ17+ cells, subdominant M158–66-specific clones expressing non-Vβ17+ TCR persist in all individuals. To determine whether the affinity of the expressed TCR for the HLA-A*0201/M158–66 complex could influence functional properties, M158–66-specific clones expressing subdominant (non-Vβ17+) TCR were compared to cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones expressing dominant (Vβ17+) TCR. The Vβ17+ CTL required up to 10,000-fold lower amounts of M1 peptide to mediate lysis compared to CTL clones expressing other Vβ gene segments. All Vβ17+ CTL clones tested bound HLA-A*0201/M158–66 tetramer, but two of three CTL clones expressing other TCR did not bind tetramer. The inability of non-Vβ17+ CTL to bind tetramer did not correlate with phenotype, CD8 dependence or with cytokine production profiles. This suggests a limitation for the use of tetramers in examining subdominant T cell responses. Together these findings suggest that Vβ17+ CTL which dominate the HLA-A*0201-restricted CTL response against influenza A are not functionally distinct from subdominant non-Vβ17+ CTL. The dominance of Vβ17+ CTL is likely to result from a competitive advantage due to superior CTL avidity for the HLA-A*0201/M158–66 complex.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: cytotoxic T lymphocyte; Infectious immunity virus; Human repertoire development; TCR
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1460-2377
Funders: MRC, ARC, Royal Society
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 08:20

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