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Long-term restorative effects of bromocriptine on operant responding in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rat

Murphy, Ellen M., Lelos, Mariah Jillian ORCID:, O'Neill, Michael J., Lane, Emma Louise ORCID: and Dunnett, Stephen Bruce ORCID: 2013. Long-term restorative effects of bromocriptine on operant responding in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rat. NeuroReport 24 (18) , pp. 1019-1024. 10.1097/WNR.0000000000000060

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Despite recent recognition of the complexity of the motor and nonmotor dysfunctions that manifest in Parkinson’s disease, the propensity of drugs to alleviate the dopamine-dependent symptoms in the 6-hydroxydopamine rat model is still typically being assessed using relatively simple measures of motor function. We investigated the ability of the D2 agonist, bromocriptine, to ameliorate impairments in a more complex operant task, which simultaneously assessed both motor and nonmotor deficits. Rats were trained on a lateralized choice reaction time task that has previously been found to be sensitive to dopamine depletion. One subgroup of rats was then given unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the medial forebrain bundle. Once they exhibited stable postlesion deficits, the rats in the lesion group were administered bromocriptine (1.25 mg/kg) 120 min before testing. Bromocriptine induced a transient improvement in motor function but most notably produced a persistent improvement in the accuracy of performance in the task. The improvement in response initiation and selection persisted on testing in the absence of bromocriptine and was not reversed by the D2 antagonist, raclopride (0.2 mg/kg). These results may reflect a conditioning effect of bromocriptine on operant behaviour.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: bromocriptine, conditioning, D2, dopamine, operant, Parkinson's disease
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 0959-4965
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2022 08:24

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