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Identification of Thr(283) as a key determinant of P2X(7) receptor function

Young, Mark Thomas ORCID:, Pelegrin, P. and Surprenant, A. 2006. Identification of Thr(283) as a key determinant of P2X(7) receptor function. British Journal of Pharmacology 149 (3) , pp. 261-268. 10.1038/sj.bjp.0706880

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ATP-gated P2X(7) receptor is an unusual ion channel that couples to multiple downstream signalling cascades. We noted differences in mouse cDNA sequences that may indicate polymorphisms; the aim of this study was to compare function and expression of these mouse P2X(7) receptor mutations. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: There are three differences in the sequences of P2X(7) cDNA cloned from mouse NTW8 microglial cells or C57 BL/6 mice: [Phe(11),Ala(221),Met(283)]P2X(7) in the former and [Leu(11),Thr(221),Thr(283)]P2X(7) in the latter. We expressed these receptors and measured membrane currents, ethidium uptake, calcium influx and surface membrane expression. We also carried out these assays on the previously described polymorphism observed between C57 BL/6 and Balb/c mice ([Leu(451)]P2X(7) vs [Pro(451)]P2X(7)). KEY RESULTS: Maximum current densities at [Phe(11),Ala(221),Met(283)]P2X(7) were <12% of those at [Leu(11),Thr(221),Thr(283)]P2X(7) without change in the agonist concentration-response. Replacing methionine with threonine at residue 283 yielded a receptor whose properties were the same as [Leu(11),Thr(221),Thr(283)]P2X(7). Replacing T283 in the rat P2X(7) receptor with methionine yielded currents that were <10% of wildtype and no ethidium uptake was associated with its activation. Maximum current densities and agonist EC(50) values were the same at mouse [Thr(283),Leu(451)]P2X(7) and [Thr(283),Pro(451)]P2X(7) but ethidium uptake and Fluo4 fluorescence were significantly reduced at the [Thr(283),Leu(451)]P2X(7) receptor. There was equivalent surface membrane expression of all P2X(7) receptors. CONCLUSIONS: This study has revealed a residue (Thr(283)) in the ectodomain that is critical for P2X(7) receptor function and suggests that the intracellular residue 451 alters downstream signalling independently of ion channel activity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1476-5381
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 09:15

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