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Bacterial diversity and community structure in high arsenic aquifers in Hetao Plain of Inner Mongolia, China

Wang, Yanhong, Li, Ping, Li, Bing, Webster, Gordon ORCID:, Weightman, Andrew John ORCID:, Jiang, Zhou, Jiang, Dawei, Deng, Yamin and Wang, Yanxin 2014. Bacterial diversity and community structure in high arsenic aquifers in Hetao Plain of Inner Mongolia, China. Geomicrobiology Journal 31 (4) , pp. 338-349. 10.1080/01490451.2013.835886

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The bacterial diversity and community structure of high arsenic (As) aquifers was investigated using an integrated approach adopting both geochemistry and molecular biology (polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and 16S rRNA gene clone library analyses). Nine borehole sediments and one groundwater sample from the living place of a villager (affected by arseniasis) and 12 sediments from a control borehole in Hetao Plain were investigated. The As concentrations ranged from 33.6 to 77.6 mg/kg in high As borehole sediments and 1.5 to 5.8 mg/kg in those samples from the control. The As concentration in the groundwater was 744.8 μg/L. Ratios between As(III) and total As in high As sediments increased gradually with depth and ranged from 0.02 to 0.34. Similarly, the Fe(II)/total Fe presented the same increasing trend with depth. The correlation between TOC contents and total As was positive. High concentrations of total As, S, Fe and TOC were found in clay and low in sand samples. Phylogenetic analysis showed significantly different bacterial communities among high As sediments, control sediments and the high As groundwater. Both DGGE and 16S rRNA gene clone library results showed that the high As sediments were dominated by Thiobacillus, Pseudomonas, Brevundimonas, and Hydrogenophaga, with Thiobacillus being distinctly dominant (63.5%). Whereas the low As sediments were dominated by some other genera including Psychrobacter, Massilia and Desulfotalea. The bacterial populations in the high As groundwater mainly included Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter and Aquabacterium. These results improve our understanding of the bacterial diversity in high As aquifers in Hetao Plain and suggest how specific bacterial populations help mediate the mobilization of As into high As groundwaters.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0149-0451
Date of Acceptance: 14 August 2013
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2022 09:07

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