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Calcium signalling and pancreatic cell death: apoptosis or necrosis?

Criddle, D. N., Gerasimenko, Julia Vladimirovna ORCID:, Baumgartner, H. K., Jaffar, M., Voronina, S., Sutton, R., Petersen, Ole Holger ORCID: and Gerasimenko, Oleg Vsevolodovich ORCID: 2007. Calcium signalling and pancreatic cell death: apoptosis or necrosis? Cell Death and Differentiation 14 (7) , pp. 1285-1294. 10.1038/sj.cdd.4402150

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Secretagogues, such as cholecystokinin and acetylcholine, utilise a variety of second messengers (inositol trisphosphate, cADPR and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate) to induce specific oscillatory patterns of calcium (Ca2+) signals in pancreatic acinar cells. These are tightly controlled in a spatiotemporal manner, and are coupled to mitochondrial metabolism necessary to fuel secretion. When Ca2+ homeostasis is disrupted by known precipitants of acute pancreatitis, for example, hyperstimulation or non-oxidative ethanol metabolites, Ca2+ stores (endoplasmic reticulum and acidic pool) become depleted and sustained cytosolic [Ca2+] elevations replace transient signals, leading to severe consequences. Sustained mitochondrial depolarisation, possibly via opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), elicits cellular ATP depletion that paralyses energy-dependent Ca2+ pumps causing cytosolic Ca2+ overload, while digestive enzymes are activated prematurely within the cell; Ca2+-dependent cellular necrosis ensues. However, when stress to the acinar cell is milder, for example, by application of the oxidant menadione, release of Ca2+ from stores leads to oscillatory global waves, associated with partial mitochondrial depolarisation and transient MPTP opening; apoptotic cell death is promoted via the intrinsic pathway, when associated with generation of reactive oxygen species. Apoptosis, induced by menadione or bile acids, is potentiated by inhibition of an endogenous detoxifying enzyme NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), suggesting its importance as a defence mechanism that may influence cell fate.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1350-9047
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 10:10

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