Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Evaluating lighting simulations in Autodesk 3ds Max Design

Tsountani, Amalia and Jabi, Wassim ORCID: 2014. Evaluating lighting simulations in Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Presented at: Building Simulation and Optimization, 2014, London, UK, 23-24 June 2014. Published in: Malki-Epsthein, Liora, Spataru, Catalina, Halburd, Ljiljana Marjanovic and Mumovic, Dejan eds. Proceedings of the 2014 Building Simulation and Optimization Conference. London: University College London,

[thumbnail of 20140322_BSO2014_full_paper.pdf]
PDF - Submitted Pre-Print Version
Download (8MB) | Preview


This paper assesses the accuracy and workflow of the lighting analysis features of Autodesk’s 3ds Max Design, a 3D modelling and rendering tool used by architects and designers. The validation methods initially examined simple test cases with a minimum number of parameters using analytical data test cases proposed by the ‘CIE 171:2006 Technical Report’ (CIE, 2006). The tests indicate that the software has the capability of offering accurate results for simple model cases. Following these initial tests, we examined 3ds Max Design’s ability to accurately simulate real case environments and more complex scenarios. These tests included sky-tube systems when dealing with daylight. We conducted a series of parametric tests in order to evaluate the degree of complexity that the software is capable of simulating. Our experiments resulted in an optimum method for an architect/designer to model a space in order to evaluate its light penetration through sky-tubes. By using a real case workflow example and parametric testing, we outline 3ds Max Design’s effectiveness in conducting daylight analysis for geometries and material types of varying complexity and provide guidelines for future improvements.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Architecture
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Publisher: University College London
Funders: IBPSA England, UCL
Date of Acceptance: 18 March 2014
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 10:16

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics