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Effects of differential genotyping error rate on the Type 1 error probability of case-control studies

Escott-Price, Valentina ORCID:, Craddock, Nicholas John ORCID:, Holmans, Peter Alan ORCID:, Owen, Michael John ORCID: and O'Donovan, Michael Conlon ORCID: 2006. Effects of differential genotyping error rate on the Type 1 error probability of case-control studies. Human heredity 61 (1) , pp. 55-64. 10.1159/000092553

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Objectives: It is well known that genotyping error adversely affects the power of genetic case-control association studies but there is little research on its effects on type I error, and none that has addressed possible differences in genotype error rates between cases and controls. Methods: We used simulations to examine the infl uence of genotyping error on the type I error probability given by case-control studies. The effect of genotyping error on the magnitude of type I error was explored for a single marker of varying minor allele frequency (MAF), and for haplotypic tests based on two markers with varying MAF and linkage disequilibrium (LD) measure r 2 . Results: We show that even with low genotyping error rates ( ! 0.01), systematic differences in the error rate between samples can result in type I error rates substantially above 0.05. The effect was maximal for markers with small MAF, markers in strong LD, and where a common allele is more frequently misclassifi ed as a rare allele than vice versa. The problem was also exacerbated by the use of large samples. Conclusions: Our results show that small differential genotyping error rates between cases and controls pose signifi cant problems for association analyses. Differential genotyping error rates are particularly likely to arise where genotype data are combined from multiple sites, or where case genotypes are examined against archived reference population cohort genotypes that are being generated in several countries. Although these strategies may be necessary to obtain adequately powered samples, our data show the importance of stringent quality control. Furthermore, associations based on rare haplotypes should be treated with caution.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Association ; Case-control study ; Genotyping error ; Haplotype ; Simulation ; Type I error
Publisher: Karger
ISSN: 14230062
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 08:37

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