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Ruk is ubiquitinated but not degraded by the proteasome

Verdier, Frédérique, Valovka, Taras, Zhyvoloup, Alexander, Drobot, Ludmila B., Buchman, Vladimir L. ORCID:, Waterfield, Mike and Gout, Ivan 2002. Ruk is ubiquitinated but not degraded by the proteasome. European Journal of Biochemistry 269 (14) , pp. 3402-3408. 10.1046/j.1432-1033.2002.03031.x

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The regulator of ubiquitous kinase (Ruk) protein, also known as CIN85 or SETA, is an adaptor-type protein belonging to the CD2AP/CMS family. It was found in complexes with many signaling proteins, including phosphoinositol (PtdIns) 3-kinase (EC, Cbl, GRB2, p130Cas and Crk. Functional analysis of these interactions, implicated Ruk in the regulation of apoptosis, receptor endocytosis and cytoskeletal rearrangements. We have recently demonstrated that overexpression of Ruk induces apoptotic death in neurons, which could be reversed by activated forms of PtdIns 3-kinase and PKB/Akt. Furthermore, Ruk was shown to be a negative regulator of PtdIns 3-kinase activity through binding to its P85 regulatory subunit [Gout, I., Middleton, G., Adu, J., Ninkina, N. N., Drobot, L. B., Filonenko, V., Matsuka, G., Davies, A.M., Waterfield, M. & Buchman, V. L. (2000) Embo J.19, 4015–4025]. Here, we report for the first time, that all three isoforms of Ruk (L, M and S) are ubiquitinated. Specific interaction between the E3 ubiquitin ligase Cbl and all three Ruk isoforms was demonstrated by coexpression studies in Hek293 cells. The interaction of Ruk M and S isoforms with Cbl was found to be mediated via heterodimerization with Ruk L. The use of proteosomal and lysosomal inhibitors clearly indicated that ubiquitination of Ruk L does not lead to its degradation. Based on this study, we propose a possible mechanism for the regulation of Ruk function by ubiquitination.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
ISSN: 0014-2956
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 08:45

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