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Effect of the major glycosides of Harpagophytum procumbens (Devil's Claw) on epidermal cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in vitro

Abdelouahab, Nassima and Heard, Charles Martin ORCID: 2008. Effect of the major glycosides of Harpagophytum procumbens (Devil's Claw) on epidermal cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in vitro. Journal of Natural Products 71 (5) , pp. 746-749. 10.1021/np070204u

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Harpagophytum procumbens, commonly known as Devil’s Claw, is indigenous to southern Africa, and extracts of the tubers have been used for centuries in the treatment of a variety of inflammatory disorders. Its major active components, harpagoside (1), harpagide (2), 8-coumaroylharpagide (3), and verbascoside (4), are believed to interact either synergistically or antagonistically in modulating the enzymes responsible for inducing inflammation, although this has not been probed hitherto. In the current work, the ability of these compounds to inhibit the expression of COX-2 following administration to freshly excised porcine skin has been investigated. An ethanol-soluble extract of H. procumbens tubers and two of the pure compounds tested showed promising activity in Western blotting and immunocytochemical assays, with harpagoside (1) and 8-coumaroylharpagide (3) exhibiting greater reductions in COX-2 expression than verbascoside (4). Harpagide (2) caused a significant increase in the levels of COX-2 expression after 6 h of topical application. The data suggest that the efficacy of H. procumbens is dependent upon the ratios of compounds 1–4 present, which is inconsistent with some current official monograph specifications based solely on harpagoside (1) content.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0163-3864
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 09:57

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