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Elevated levels of proteolytic enzymes in the aging human vitreous

Vaughan-Thomas, A., Gilbert, Sophie Jane and Duance, Victor 2000. Elevated levels of proteolytic enzymes in the aging human vitreous. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 41 (11) , pp. 3299-32304.

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PURPOSE: To identify whether aging of human vitreous is accompanied by an elevation in degradative enzymes within the tissue. METHODS: Human vitreous samples from donors aged 10 to 88 years were placed in two groups based on donor age of less than or more than 50 years. Homogenized samples were analyzed by gelatin substrate zymography for matrix metalloproteinases (MMP). Serine proteinases were detected by casein substrate zymography, and a specific antibody was used to confirm the identity of, and to quantify, the serine proteinase, plasmin. RESULTS: Progelatinase A (ProMMP-2) was present in all the vitreous samples but did not show an age-related increase. MMP-2 was also present at low levels. Progelatinase B (ProMMP-9) was found in approximately 80% of samples analyzed, but neither its presence nor level of activity was age dependent. Of the serine proteinase activities detected, an enzyme of approximately 80 kDa was identified by Western blot analysis as plasmin(ogen). Quantitative analysis revealed a significant increase in plasmin(ogen) with age. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows there is an age-related increase in potential degradative activity in human vitreous that may be responsible for degenerative changes such as vitreous liquefaction. The data suggest that increased levels of these enzymes precede, or are indicative of, underlying ocular disease in some individuals

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
ISSN: 1552-5783
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 11:05

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