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Impaired cyclic nucleotide-mediated vasorelaxation may contribute to closure of the human umbilical artery after birth

Renowden, S., Edwards, David Hughes and Griffith, T. M. 1992. Impaired cyclic nucleotide-mediated vasorelaxation may contribute to closure of the human umbilical artery after birth. British Journal of Pharmacology 106 (2) , pp. 348-353. 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1992.tb14339.x

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1 The mechanical and biochemical effects of agents that relax vascular smooth muscle either through elevation of guanosine 3′:5′-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP) or adenosine 3′:5′-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP) levels were compared in isolated ring preparations of human umbilical artery and rat aorta. Tone was established by preconstriction with 5-hydroxytryptamine. 2 The endothelium-dependent vasodilator calcium ionophore (A23187) (which stimulates endothelium-derived relaxing factor [EDRF] release and thus acts through soluble guanylyl cyclase), sodium nitroprusside (which stimulates soluble guanylyl cyclase directly), and atrial natriuretic peptide (which stimulates particulate guanylyl cyclase) relaxed rat aorta but not human umbilical artery. 3 Sodium nitroprusside, 10 μm, increased cyclic GMP levels from 10 to 390 pmol mg−1 protein at 2 min in rat aorta, as compared with a slower, relatively attenuated rise from 5 to 116 pmol mg−1 protein after 15 min in human umbilical artery. The rise in cyclic GMP in the umbilical artery was not significantly augmented by the cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, MB22948. Atrial natriuretic peptide increased cyclic GMP levels in rat aorta but not in human umbilical artery. 4 Forskolin, 10 μm, which stimulates both soluble and particulate adenylyl cyclase, maximally relaxed rat aorta and increased cyclic AMP levels from 15 to 379 pmol mg−1 protein at 15 min, but did not significantly relax or increase cyclic AMP levels in human umbilical artery. After preincubation with the cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase inhibitor, IBMX, 10 μm forskolin increased cyclic AMP levels to 1365 pmol mg−1 protein at 30 min in human umbilical arteries, but these high levels were not accompanied by mechanical relaxation. 5 8-Bromo-cyclic GMP and 8-bromo-cyclic AMP which are lipophilic analogues of cyclic GMP and cyclic AMP, both maximally relaxed the rat aorta at a concentration of 10 μm, but did not significantly relax the human umbilical artery. 6 The findings indicate that elevated cyclic nucleotide levels are not associated with mechanical relaxation of the post-partum human umbilical artery, as in other vessels such as rat aorta. This impaired response to cyclic nucleotides may contribute to closure of the umbilical artery after birth.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human umbilical artery; rat aorta; vasorelaxation; cyclic GMP; cyclic AMP
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 0007-1188
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:59

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