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Recombinant equine growth hormone administration: effects on synovial fluid biomarkers and cartilage metabolism in horses

Dart, A. J., Little, C. B., Hughes, Clare Elizabeth ORCID:, Chu, Q., Dowling, B. A., Hodgson, D. R., Rose, R. J. and Johnson, K. A. 2003. Recombinant equine growth hormone administration: effects on synovial fluid biomarkers and cartilage metabolism in horses. Equine Veterinary Journal 35 (3) , pp. 302-307. 10.2746/042516403776148165

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Reasons for performing study: Recombinant equine growth hormone (reGH) has recently been evaluated for effects on body condition and wound healing. It has the potential to influence articular cartilage via stimulation of IGF-1. Objectives: To investigate effects of administration on synovial joint metabolism. Methods: Six mature horses were given 20 μg/kg bwt reGH daily for 8 weeks by i.m. injection. Three control horses were injected with sterile water. Serum and synovial fluid samples were collected at 6, 8, 11 and 16 weeks for GH and IGF-1 assays. Articular cartilage harvested at week 16 was evaluated by Western analysis using monoclonal antibodies BC-13, BC-4, 8-A-4 and CH-3. Results: Concentrations of IGF-1 in serum and synovial fluid were significantly elevated (P < 0.05) at 6 and 8 weeks in the reGH group. Glycosaminoglycan concentrations in synovial fluid were significantly less than controls at these time points, suggesting that reGH may modulate proteoglycan metabolism in articular cartilage. In the reGH group, there were not any alterations in synovial fluid content of 3B3(-) epitope or aggrecan metabolite, or in aggrecan or link protein catabolites retained within cartilage, that might be expected with development of osteoarthritis. Conclusions: Intramuscular administration of reGH may be a more efficient means of delivery of IGF-1 to joints for cartilage resurfacing initiatives. Potential relevance: We found no alterations in cartilage metabolism indicative of development of osteoarthritis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Uncontrolled Keywords: horse; recombinant equine growth hormone;I GF-1; synovial fluid; cartilage catabolism
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0425-1644
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 09:18

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