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Ready-made chromatography columns for extracellular vesicle isolation from plasma

Welton, Joanne Louise, Webber, Jason P. ORCID:, Botos, Laur-Alexandru, Jones, Michael and Clayton, Aled ORCID: 2015. Ready-made chromatography columns for extracellular vesicle isolation from plasma. Journal of Extracellular Vesicles 4 , 27269. 10.3402/jev.v4.27269

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Proteomic studies of circulating vesicles are hampered by difficulties in purifying vesicles from plasma and serum. Isolations are contaminated with high-abundance blood proteins that may mask genuine vesicular-associated proteins and/or simply provide misleading data. In this brief report, we explored the potential utility of a commercially available size exclusion chromatography column for rapid vesicle purification. We evaluated the performance of the column, with cancer cell line conditioned medium or healthy donor plasma, in terms of removing non-vesicular protein and enriching for vesicles exhibiting exosome characteristics. Serial fractions revealed a peak for typical exosomal proteins (CD9, CD81 etc.) that preceded the peak for highly abundant proteins, including albumin, for either sample type, and harvesting only this peak would represent elimination of >95% of protein from the sample. The columns showed good reproducibility, and streamlining the workflow would allow the exosome-relevant material to be collected in less than 10 minutes. Surprisingly, however, subsequent post-column vesicle concentration steps whilst resulting in some protein loss also lead to low vesicle recoveries, with a net effect of reducing sample purity (assessed by the particle-to-protein ratio). The columns provide a convenient, reproducible and highly effective means of eliminating >95% of non-vesicular protein from biological fluid samples such as plasma.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 2001-3078
Funders: Movember
Date of Acceptance: 3 March 2015
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 10:13

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