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Direct comparison of rat- and human-derived ganglionic eminence tissue grafts on motor function

Lelos, Mariah Jillian ORCID:, Roberton, Victoria H., Vinh, Ngoc-Nga, Harrison, Carl, Eriksen, P., Torres, Eduardo, Clinch, Susanne, Rosser, Anne Elizabeth ORCID: and Dunnett, Stephen Bruce ORCID: 2016. Direct comparison of rat- and human-derived ganglionic eminence tissue grafts on motor function. Cell Transplantation 25 , pp. 665-675. 10.3727/096368915X690297

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Huntington’s disease (HD) is a debilitating, genetically-inherited neurodegenerative disorder that results in early loss of medium spiny neurons from the striatum and subsequent degeneration of cortical and other subcortical brain regions. Behavioural changes manifest as a range of motor, cognitive and neuropsychiatric impairments. It has been established that replacement of the degenerated medium spiny neurons with rat-derived fetal whole ganglionic eminence (rWGE) tissue can alleviate motor and cognitive deficits in preclinical rodent models of HD. However, clinical application of this cell replacement therapy requires the use of human-derived (hWGE), not rWGE, tissue. Despite this, little is currently known about the functional efficacy of hWGE. The aim of this study was to directly compare the ability of the gold-standard rWGE grafts, against the clinically-relevant hWGE grafts, on a range of behavioural tests of motor function. Lister-hooded rats either remained as unoperated controls or received unilateral excitotoxic lesions of the lateral neostriatum. Subsets of lesioned rats then received transplants of either rWGE or hWGE primary fetal tissue into the lateral striatum. All rats were tested post-lesion and post-graft on the following tests of motor function: staircase test, apomorphine-induced rotation, cylinder test, adjusting steps test and vibrissae-evoked touch test. At 21 weeks post-graft, brain tissue was taken for histological analysis. The results revealed comparable improvements in apomorphine-induced rotational bias and the vibrissae test, despite larger graft volumes in the hWGE cohort. hWGE grafts, but not rWGE grafts, stabilised behavioural performance on the adjusting steps test. These results have implications for clinical application of cell replacement therapies, as well as providing a foundation for the development of stem cell-derived cell therapy products.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Cognizant Communication Corporation
ISSN: 0963-6897
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 May 2016
Date of Acceptance: 28 January 2016
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 21:06

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