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Novel hepatic microRNAs upregulated in human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Soronen, Jarkko, Yki- Järvinen, Hannele, Zhou, You ORCID:, Sädevirta, Sanja, Sarin, Antti-Pekka, Leivonen, Marja, Sevastianova, Ksenia, Perttilä, Julia, Laurila, Pirkka?Pekka, Sigruener, Alexander, Schmitz, Gerd and Olkkonen, Vesa M. 2016. Novel hepatic microRNAs upregulated in human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Physiological Reports 4 (1) , e12661. 10.14814/phy2.12661

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) control gene expression by reducing mRNA stability and translation. We aimed to identify alterations in human liver miRNA expression/function in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Subjects with the highest (median liver fat 30%, n = 15) and lowest (0%, n = 15) liver fat content were selected from >100 obese patients for miRNA profiling of liver biopsies on microarrays carrying probes for 1438 human miRNAs (a cross‐sectional study). Target mRNAs and pathways were predicted for the miRNAs most significantly upregulated in NAFLD, their cell‐type‐specific expression was investigated by quantitative PCR (qPCR), and the transcriptome of immortalized human hepatocytes (IHH) transfected with the miRNA with the highest number of predicted targets, miR‐576‐5p, was studied. The screen revealed 42 miRNAs up‐ and two downregulated in the NAFLD as compared to non‐NAFLD liver. The miRNAs differing most significantly between the groups, miR‐103a‐2*, miR‐106b, miR‐576‐5p, miRPlus‐I137*, miR‐892a, miR‐1282, miR‐3663‐5p, and miR‐3924, were all upregulated in NAFLD liver. Target pathways predicted for these miRNAs included ones involved in cancer, metabolic regulation, insulin signaling, and inflammation. Consistent transcriptome changes were observed in IHH transfected with miR‐576‐5p, and western analysis revealed a marked reduction of the RAC1 protein belonging to several miR‐576‐5p target pathways. To conclude, we identified 44 miRNAs differentially expressed in NAFLD versus non‐NAFLD liver, 42 of these being novel in the context of NAFLD. The study demonstrates that by applying a novel study set‐up and a broad‐coverage array platform one can reveal a wealth of previously undiscovered miRNA dysregulation in metabolic disease.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Publisher: American Physiological Association
ISSN: 2051-817X
Date of Acceptance: 29 November 2015
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 09:59

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