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PNPLA3 mediates hepatocyte triacylglycerol remodeling

Ruhanen, H., Perttila, J., Holtta-Vuori, M., Zhou, You ORCID:, Yki-Jarvinen, H., Ikonen, E., Kakela, R. and Olkkonen, V. M. 2014. PNPLA3 mediates hepatocyte triacylglycerol remodeling. Journal of Lipid Research 55 (4) , pp. 739-746. 10.1194/jlr.M046607

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The I148M substitution in patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3I148M) determines a genetic form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. To elucidate the mode of PNPLA3 action in human hepatocytes, we studied effects of WT PNPLA3 (PNPLA3WT) and PNPLA3I148M on HuH7 cell lipidome after [13C]glycerol labeling, cellular turnover of oleic acid labeled with 17 deuterium atoms ([D17]oleic acid) in triacylglycerols (TAGs), and subcellular distribution of the protein variants. PNPLA3I148M induced a net accumulation of unlabeled TAGs, but not newly synthesized total [13C]TAGs. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that both PNPLA3WT and PNPLA3I148M induced a relative enrichment of TAGs with saturated FAs or MUFAs, with concurrent enrichment of polyunsaturated phosphatidylcholines. PNPLA3WT associated in PCA with newly synthesized [13C]TAGs, particularly 52:1 and 50:1, while PNPLA3I148M associated with similar preexisting TAGs. PNPLA3WT overexpression resulted in increased [D17]oleic acid labeling of TAGs during 24 h, and after longer incubations their turnover was accelerated, effects not detected with PNPLA3I148M. PNPLA3I148M localized more extensively to lipid droplets (LDs) than PNPLA3WT, suggesting that the substitution alters distribution of PNPLA3 between LDs and endoplasmic reticulum/cytosol. This study reveals a function of PNPLA3 in FA-selective TAG remodeling, resulting in increased TAG saturation. A defect in TAG remodeling activity likely contributes to the TAG accumulation observed in cells expressing PNPLA3I148M.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN: 0022-2275
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 09:59

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