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Relative efficacies of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in reducing expression of key proteins in a model system for studying osteoarthritis

Zainal, Z., Longman, Andrea Jane, Hurst, S., Duggan, K., Caterson, Bruce ORCID:, Hughes, Clare Elizabeth ORCID: and Harwood, John L. ORCID: 2009. Relative efficacies of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in reducing expression of key proteins in a model system for studying osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 17 (7) , pp. 896-905. 10.1016/j.joca.2008.12.009

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Objective: To assess the relative efficacy of three different omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in suppressing the mRNA levels for important proteins involved in the etiology of osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: A model cell culture system (bovine chondrocytes) was used. Inflammatory factors and enzymes involved in OA were induced by exposure of the chondrocyte cultures to interleukin-1α (IL-1α). The effect of pre-incubating cultures with various amounts of exogenous fatty acids on subsequent levels of mRNAs was assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCR). Results: Exposure of cultures to IL-1α induced expression of the cartilage proteinases A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase with ThromboSpondin motifs (ADAMTS)-4 and ADAMTS-5, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and the inflammatory cytokines IL-1α, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). n-3 PUFAs were able to reduce the levels of mRNA for ADAMTS-4, ADAMTS-5, MMP-3, MMP-13, COX-2 (but not COX-1), IL-1α, IL-1β and TNF-α. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) was the most effective, followed by docosahexaenoic (DHA) and then α-linolenic (ALA) acid. The n-6 PUFA, arachidonic acid (AA) had no effect. Conclusion: These results show that omega-3 (n-3) PUFAs cause a reduction in the mRNA levels for various proteins known to be important in the pathology of OA. They provide a molecular explanation, at least in part, for beneficial effects of dietary omega-3 PUFAs for the amelioration of symptoms of the disease. The relative efficacy of EPA suggests that this omega-3 PUFA may be especially useful for dietary supplementation in patients with OA.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Osteoarthritis; Chondrocyte cultures; Omega-3(n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids; Inflammation; Proteinases
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1063-4584
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2022 12:00

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