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Superconductivity in transition metals

Slocombe, Daniel Rhys ORCID:, Kuznetsov, V. L., Grochala, W., Williams, R. J. P. and Edwards, P. P. 2015. Superconductivity in transition metals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 373 (2037) , 20140476. 10.1098/rsta.2014.0476

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A qualitative account of the occurrence and magnitude of superconductivity in the transition metals is presented, with a primary emphasis on elements of the first row. Correlations of the important parameters of the Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer theory of superconductivity are highlighted with respect to the number of d-shell electrons per atom of the transition elements. The relation between the systematics of superconductivity in the transition metals and the periodic table high-lights the importance of short-range or chemical bonding on the remarkable natural phenomenon of superconductivity in the chemical elements. A relationship between superconductivity and lattice instability appears naturally as a balance and competition between localized covalent bonding and so-called broken covalency, which favours d-electron delocalization and superconductivity. In this manner, the systematics of superconductivity and various other physical properties of the transition elements are related and unified.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: superconductivity, elements, lattice instabilities, periodic table, transition metals
Publisher: The Royal Society
ISSN: 1364-503X
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 11:09

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