Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Sociophonetic variation in a long-term language contact situation: /l/-darkening in Welsh-English bilingual speech

Morris, Jonathan ORCID: 2017. Sociophonetic variation in a long-term language contact situation: /l/-darkening in Welsh-English bilingual speech. Journal of Sociolinguistics 21 (2) , pp. 183-207. 10.1111/josl.12231

[thumbnail of Morris 2017a (Peer-reviewed version).pdf]
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Download (812kB) | Preview


This study investigates /l/-darkening in the Welsh and English speech of bilinguals in North Wales. Although it is claimed that /l/ is dark in all syllable positions in northern varieties of both languages, there have been no quantitative investigations of this feature which consider cross-linguistic phonetic differences, the differing nature of language contact between North East and North West Wales, and differences in the way both languages are acquired by speakers. The dataset of 32 Welsh-English bilinguals, aged 16-18, was stratified by speaker sex, home language, and area. Tokens of /l/ in word-initial onset and word-final coda positions were analysed acoustically. The results show cross-linguistic differences in onset position and that such differences were found to be greater in the speech of female participants and those from North West Wales. Differences were also found between Welsh-dominant and English-dominant communities. These results are discussed with reference to the influence of extra-linguistic factors on speech production and the possible social meaning associated with dark /l/.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Welsh
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
P Language and Literature > PB Modern European Languages > PB1001 Celtic languages and literature
P Language and Literature > PE English
Uncontrolled Keywords: Welsh; English; Bilingualism; Language Contact; Phonetic Variation; /l/-darkening
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1360-6441
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 March 2017
Date of Acceptance: 27 February 2017
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 23:58

Citation Data

Cited 24 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics