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Inflammasomes and type 1 diabetes

Pearson, James Alexander, Wong, F. Susan and Wen, Li 2021. Inflammasomes and type 1 diabetes. Frontiers in Immunology 12 , 686956. 10.3389/fimmu.2021.686956

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Abstract

Microbiota have been identified as an important modulator of susceptibility in the development of Type 1 diabetes in both animal models and humans. Collectively these studies highlight the association of the microbiota composition with genetic risk, islet autoantibody development and modulation of the immune responses. However, the signaling pathways involved in mediating these changes are less well investigated, particularly in humans. Importantly, understanding the activation of signaling pathways in response to microbial stimulation is vital to enable further development of immunotherapeutics, which may enable enhanced tolerance to the microbiota or prevent the initiation of the autoimmune process. One such signaling pathway that has been poorly studied in the context of Type 1 diabetes is the role of the inflammasomes, which are multiprotein complexes that can initiate immune responses following detection of their microbial ligands. In this review, we discuss the roles of the inflammasomes in modulating Type 1 diabetes susceptibility, from genetic associations to the priming and activation of the inflammasomes. In addition, we also summarize the available inhibitors for therapeutically targeting the inflammasomes, which may be of future use in Type 1 diabetes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1664-3224
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 June 2021
Date of Acceptance: 17 May 2021
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2021 14:14
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/141948

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