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Peripheral proinsulin expression controls low-avidity proinsulin-reactive CD8 T Cells in type 1 diabetes

Thayer, Terri C., Pearson, James A., De Leenheer, Evy, Hanna, Stephanie J., Boldison, Joanne, Davies, Joanne, Tsui, Adrian, Ahmed, Sartaj, Easton, Peter, Siew, Lai Khai, Wen, Li and Wong, F. Susan 2016. Peripheral proinsulin expression controls low-avidity proinsulin-reactive CD8 T Cells in type 1 diabetes. Diabetes 65 (11) , pp. 3429-3439. 10.2337/db15-1649

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Low-avidity autoreactive CD8 T cells (CTLs) escape from thymic negative selection, and peripheral tolerance mechanisms are essential for their regulation. We report the role of proinsulin (PI) expression on the development and activation of insulin-specific CTLs in the NOD mouse model of type 1 diabetes. We studied insulin B-chain–specific CTL from different T-cell receptor transgenic mice (G9Cα−/−) expressing normal PI1 and PI2 or altered PI expression levels. In the absence of PI2 (Ins2−/−), CTL in pancreatic lymph nodes (PLNs) were more activated, and male G9Cα−/− mice developed T1D. Furthermore, when the insulin-specific CTLs developed in transgenic mice lacking their specific PI epitope, the CTLs demonstrated increased cytotoxicity and proliferation in vitro and in vivo in the PLNs after adoptive transfer into NOD recipients. Dendritic cell–stimulated proliferation of insulin-specific T cells was reduced in the presence of lymph node stromal cells (LNSCs) from NOD mice but not from mice lacking the PI epitope. Our study shows that LNSCs regulate CTL activation and suggests that exposure to PI in the periphery is very important in maintenance of tolerance of autoreactive T cells. This is relevant for human type 1 diabetes and has implications for the use of antigen-specific therapy in tolerance induction.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: American Diabetes Association
ISSN: 0012-1797
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 November 2016
Date of Acceptance: 26 July 2016
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2022 18:52

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