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Molecular basis for universal HLA-A*0201 - restricted CD8+ T-cell immunity against influenza viruses

Valkenburg, Sophie A., Josephs, Tracy M., Clemens, E. Bridie, Grant, Emma J., Nguyen, Thi H. O., Wang, George C., Price, David, Miller, Adrian, Tong, Steven Y. C., Thomas, Paul G., Doherty, Peter C., Rossjohn, Jamie, Gras, Stephanie and Kedzierska, Katherine 2016. Molecular basis for universal HLA-A*0201 - restricted CD8+ T-cell immunity against influenza viruses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113 (16) , pp. 4440-4445. 10.1073/pnas.1603106113

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Memory CD8+ T lymphocytes (CTLs) specific for antigenic peptides derived from internal viral proteins confer broad protection against distinct strains of influenza A virus (IAV). However, immune efficacy can be undermined by the emergence of escape mutants. To determine how T-cell receptor (TCR) composition relates to IAV epitope variability, we used ex vivo peptide–HLA tetramer enrichment and single-cell multiplex analysis to compare TCRs targeted to the largely conserved HLA-A*0201-M158 and the hypervariable HLA-B*3501-NP418 antigens. The TCRαβs for HLA-B*3501-NP418+ CTLs varied among individuals and across IAV strains, indicating that a range of mutated peptides will prime different NP418-specific CTL sets. Conversely, a dominant public TRAV27/TRBV19+ TCRαβ was selected in HLA-A*0201+ donors responding to M158. This public TCR cross-recognized naturally occurring M158 variants complexed with HLA-A*0201. Ternary structures showed that induced-fit molecular mimicry underpins TRAV27/TRBV19+ TCR specificity for the WT and mutant M158 peptides, suggesting the possibility of universal CTL immunity in HLA-A*0201+ individuals. Combined with the high population frequency of HLA-A*0201, these data potentially explain the relative conservation of M158. Moreover, our results suggest that vaccination strategies aimed at generating broad protection should incorporate variant peptides to elicit cross-reactive responses against other specificities, especially those that may be relatively infrequent among IAV-primed memory CTLs.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: influenza infection human CD8+ T cells T-cell receptor
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 1091-6490
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 15 February 2017
Date of Acceptance: 26 February 2016
Last Modified: 24 May 2020 15:11

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