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Co-administration of fish oil with signal transduction inhibitors has anti-migration effects in breast cancer cell lines, in vitro

Davison, Zoë, Nicholson, Robert I., Hiscox, Stephen ORCID: and Heard, Charles M. ORCID: 2018. Co-administration of fish oil with signal transduction inhibitors has anti-migration effects in breast cancer cell lines, in vitro. The Open Biochemistry Journal 12 (1) , pp. 130-148. 10.2174/1874091X01812010130

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Background: There is an urgent need for new therapies to treat cancer metastasis. Fish oil, with high omega 3 fatty acid content, has shown anticancer activity and signal transduction inhibitors have shown anti-metastatic properties. Objective: To provide preliminary in vitro data on the anti-migration potential of signal transduction inhibitors and co-administered fish oil. Methods: MCF-7, TamR and FasR breast cancer cell lines were used to determine the effects of combinations of PD98059, LY294002 and fish oil in growth assays. Modulations of p-Src and COX-2, both mediators of motility and invasion, were then determined by Western blotting and IHC to ascertain effects on migration potential. Results: Migration rates for the three cell lines examined were ranked: FasR>TamR>MCF-7 (p <0.05). Addition of fish oil reduced the number of TamR cells migrating after 48h (p <0.05), while the addition of PD98059 and LY294002 also decreased migratory potential of TamR cells (p <0.05). Addition of PD98059 and LY294002 to TamR cells did not result in a significant decrease in p-Src levels; as was the case when PD98059, LY294002 and 4-hydroxytamoxifen were added to MCF-7 cells. However, the co-administration of fish oil markedly reduced p-Src and COX-2 expression in both cell lines. Conclusion: Co-administration of a commercial fish oil with signal transduction inhibitors results in decreased cell migration via an unknown co-operative mechanism and could constitute a novel approach for the treatment of breast cancer metastasis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
ISSN: 1874-091X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 September 2018
Date of Acceptance: 17 August 2018
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 02:37

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