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Feature extraction of four-class motor imagery EEG signals based on functional brain network

Ai, Qingsong, Chen, Anqi, Chen, Kun, Liu, Quan, Zhou, Tichao, Xin, Sijin and Ji, Ze ORCID: 2019. Feature extraction of four-class motor imagery EEG signals based on functional brain network. Journal of Neural Engineering 16 (2) , 026032. 10.1088/1741-2552/ab0328

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Objective. A motor-imagery-based brain–computer interface (MI-BCI) provides an alternative way for people to interface with the outside world. However, the classification accuracy of MI signals remains challenging, especially with an increased number of classes and the presence of high variations with data from multiple individual people. This work investigates electroencephalogram (EEG) signal processing techniques, aiming to enhance the classification performance of multiple MI tasks in terms of tackling the challenges caused by the vast variety of subjects. Approach. This work introduces a novel method to extract discriminative features by combining the features of functional brain networks with two other feature extraction algorithms: common spatial pattern (CSP) and local characteristic-scale decomposition (LCD). After functional brain networks are established from the MI EEG signals of the subjects, the measures of degree in the binary networks are extracted as additional features and fused with features in the frequency and spatial domains extracted by the CSP and LCD algorithms. A real-time BCI robot control system is designed and implemented with the proposed method. Subjects can control the movement of the robot through four classes of MI tasks. Both the BCI competition IV dataset 2a and real-time data acquired in our designed system are used to validate the performance of the proposed method. Main results. As for the offline data experiment results, the average classification accuracy of the proposed method reaches 79.7%, outperforming the majority of popular algorithms. Experimental results with real-time data also prove the proposed method to be highly promising in its real-time performance. Significance. The experimental results show that our proposed method is robust in extracting discriminative brain activity features when performing different MI tasks, hence improving the classification accuracy in four-class MI tasks. The high classification accuracy and low computational demand show a considerable practicality for real-time rehabilitation systems.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: IOP Publishing
ISSN: 1741-2560
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 February 2019
Date of Acceptance: 30 January 2019
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 20:09

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