Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Antecedents of cybersecurity implementation: a study of the cyber-preparedness of U.K. social enterprises

White, Gareth, Allen, Robert, Samuel, Anthony ORCID:, Abdullah, Ahmed and Thomas, Robert James 2022. Antecedents of cybersecurity implementation: a study of the cyber-preparedness of U.K. social enterprises. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 69 (6) , pp. 3826-3837. 10.1109/TEM.2020.2994981

[thumbnail of CYBER+in+Social+Enterprises+v5.pdf] PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Download (424kB)


The cyber-security of organisations is a subject of perennial concern as they are subject to mounting threats in an increasingly digitalised world. While commercial and charitable organizations have been the objects of cyber security research, Social Enterprises have remained unexplored. As Social Enterprises have become increasingly important features of social and economic development, so their prominence as potential targets of cybercrime also increases. In order to address this knowledge gap, this study examines the factors that influence the cyber-preparedness of Social Enterprises in the UK. Through the use of semi-structured interviews with Social Enterprise, these factors are found to comprise the characteristics of the enterprise, the characteristics of the enterprise management, resource constraints, experience of cyber attacks, usage of IT, and awareness of cybersecurity schemes and resources. These insights provide valuable guidance for SE owner-managers, SE support agencies and policy-makers when considering the cyber security of SEs. These findings are of immediate concern to social enterprises but also to other organizations that are engaged in partnerships with them as social enterprises may afford ‘gateway’ opportunities to those with malicious intent.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ISSN: 0018-9391
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 May 2020
Date of Acceptance: 24 April 2020
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 19:23

Citation Data

Cited 3 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics