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The gender pay gap: what can we learn from Northern Ireland?

Jones, Melanie ORCID: and Kaya, Ezgi ORCID: 2020. The gender pay gap: what can we learn from Northern Ireland? [Discussion Paper]. IZA Discussion Paper Series, IZA – Institute of Labor Economics. Available at:

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Northern Ireland forms an important outlier to the established international pattern of a pronounced gender pay gap in favour of men. Using contemporary data from the Quarterly Labour Force Survey we provide a comprehensive analysis of the gender pay gap in Northern Ireland and make comparisons to the rest of the UK. Despite the relatively common institutional and policy context, the gender pay gap in Northern Ireland is found to be far smaller than in the rest of the UK. This can largely be attributed to the superior productivity-related characteristics of women relative to men in Northern Ireland, which partially offset the influence of gender differences in the returns to these characteristics. Our analysis highlights the importance of occupation – both in terms of occupational allocation and the returns to occupations – in explaining the cross-country differential. This is reinforced by the impact of lower earnings inequality in Northern Ireland.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Publisher: IZA – Institute of Labor Economics
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 June 2020
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2022 10:24

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