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Synthesised and naturally formed Akaganéite: impact on the corrosion of iron

Emmerson, Nicola, Roche, Kimberly and Watkinson, David 2019. Synthesised and naturally formed Akaganéite: impact on the corrosion of iron. Presented at: European Corrosion Congress 2019, Seville, Spain, 9-13 September 2019.

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Abstract

Akaganéite (β-FeOOH) corrodes iron in contact with it due to its hygroscopicity and the mobility of its surface adsorbed chloride.1,2 The high hygroscopicity of β-FeOOH means corrosion can occur down to 15% relative humidity.3 Aqueous washing removes either some or all surface adsorbed chloride, according to the washing process and its temperature, reducing the ability of β-FeOOH to corrode iron.1 Chloride occluded in the crystal structure of β-FeOOH, does not corrode iron since it is trapped in the Hollandite tunnel structure of the crystal.1,4 Research into its properties of β-FeOOH mostly employs synthesised samples, produced either by precipitation or solid state corrosion, as both processes mirror how it might be formed on objects. Since sufficiently pure naturally formed β-FeOOH is difficult to obtain in quantities suitable for use in experiments, it is often asked whether synthetically produced β-FeOOH reflects how the naturally formed product impacts on corrosion of archaeological objects. This study compares natural β-FeOOH from a 1st century AD Roman shipwreck at Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer, with β-FeOOH, synthesised by acid hydrolysis of FeCl3 solution5 and by a solid state method of FeCl2.4H2O/iron powder mixture to high humidity6 (Turgoose 1983). Their crystal structure is identified, the impact of each on the corrosion rate of iron was determined quantitatively and their chloride content was measured. Corrosion rates are compared to recently published data on the corrosion rates of over 100 archaeological iron objects.7

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Status: In Press
Schools: History, Archaeology and Religion
Subjects: A General Works > AM Museums (General). Collectors and collecting (General)
C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 March 2021
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2022 06:38
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/139442

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