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Developing a scale to explore self-regulatory approaches to assessment and feedback with academics in higher education

Evans, Carol, Kay, William, Amici-Dargan, Sheila, González, Rafael De Miguel, Donert, Karl and Rutherford, Stephen ORCID: 2024. Developing a scale to explore self-regulatory approaches to assessment and feedback with academics in higher education. Frontiers in Psychology 15 , 1357939. 10.3389/fpsyg.2024.1357939

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Introduction: Students need to acquire high level self-regulatory skills if they are to be successful within higher education, and academics need support in facilitating this. In this article we explore how the current research gap between knowledge of self-regulatory assessment and feedback (SRAF) practices, and academics’ professional training in it can be bridged. Methods: SRAF tools were used with academics to explore their understandings of and training needs in SRAF; central to this work was the development of a SRAF scale. We consider the value of such tools in supporting academics’ professional development needs in SRAF. The reliability and validity of the SRAF scale was tested using exploratory factor analyses (EFA). Results: Iterative EFA resulted in a 17 item support required SRAF scale (SR). Two underpinning factors: Creating the Conditions for SRAF, and Supporting Students’ SRAF Skills Development were identified. The reliability of the instrument supported its primary use as a tool to facilitate academics’ professional development in fostering students’ self-regulatory skills. Discussion: Our findings highlight the importance of supporting academics in developing strategies to maximize students’ metacognitive skills and motivation in assessment and feedback, contingent on effective assessment design. Such professional development needs to be mindful of individual and contextual factors impacting academics’ access to, and confidence and competence in, using SRAF in practice. This research is important in highlighting potential disconnects between where academics’ focus their attention in assessment, and what is known to have most impact on student learning success. The SRAF tools have considerable potential in supporting translation of theory into practice as part of sustained professional development for academics in higher education.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1664-1078
Funders: Erasmus+
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 March 2024
Date of Acceptance: 16 February 2024
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2024 10:15

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