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Generation of a recombinant, membrane-targeted form of the complement regulator CD59: activity in vitro and in vivo

Williams, Anwen Sian ORCID:, Fraser, D. A., Harris, Claire Louise and Mizuno, Masashi 2003. Generation of a recombinant, membrane-targeted form of the complement regulator CD59: activity in vitro and in vivo. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 278 (49) , pp. 48921-48927. 10.1074/jbc.M302598200

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Inappropriate activation of complement contributes to pathology in diverse inflammatory diseases. Soluble recombinant forms of the natural cell membrane regulators of complement are effective in animal models and some human diseases. However, their use is limited for reasons related to cost, short half lives, and propensity to cause unwanted systemic effects. Some of these limitations may be overcome by use of bacterial expression systems, specific targeting moieties, and judicious choice of regulator. Here we describe the application of these strategies to the generation of a membrane-targeted form of CD59. A recombinant soluble form of rat CD59, comprising the first 71 residues of the mature protein and missing the membrane-anchoring signal, was expressed in bacteria, purified, and refolded in a fully active form. The protein was coupled through its carboxyl terminus to a short, synthetic address tag that confers membrane binding activity. Attachment of the membrane address tag markedly increased complement-inhibitory activity assessed in vitro in hemolysis assays. Intra-articular administration of the tagged agent markedly suppressed disease in a model of rheumatoid arthritis in Lewis rats. This novel type of agent, termed sCD59-APT542, offers for the first time the prospect of efficient and specific inhibition of membrane attack complex activity in vivo.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN: 1083-351X
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 08:28

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