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Type I interferon (IFNα) acts directly on human memory CD4+ T cells altering their response to antigen

Gallagher, Kathleen M. E., Lauder, Sarah Nicol, Rees, Ian W., Gallimore, Awen Myfanwy ORCID: and Godkin, Andrew James ORCID: 2009. Type I interferon (IFNα) acts directly on human memory CD4+ T cells altering their response to antigen. The Journal of Immunology 183 (5) , pp. 2915-2920. 10.4049/jimmunol.0801607

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Despite its use widely as a therapeutic agent, and proposed use as vaccine adjuvant, the effect of IFNα on T cell function is poorly understood. As a pleiotropic innate cytokine produced rapidly in response to pathogens, it is well placed to impinge on specific immune responses. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of IFNα on the function of human memory CD4+ T cells using the recall Ags purified protein derivative, tetanus toxoid, and hemagglutinin. IFNα administered either in vivo or added exogenously in vitro tended to enhance proliferative responses of purified protein derivative-specific T cells in marked contrast to the other cognate populations whose responses were often diminished. Purifying the memory CD4+CD45RO+ T cells confirmed IFNα acted directly on these cells and not via an intermediate. The T cells could be divided into two broad categories depending on how IFNα effected their responses to cognate Ag: 1) enhanced proliferation and a striking increase in IFNγ-production compared with smaller increases in IL-10 (increased ratio of IFNγ:IL-10), and 2) neutral or diminished proliferation coupled with a smaller increase in IFNγ relative to the increase in IL-10 (reduced IFNγ:IL-10 ratio). IFNα has a role in modifying memory T cell responses when they are exposed to cognate Ag and may be important in vaccination strategies designed to augment particular Th memory responses.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Publisher: American Association of Immunologists
ISSN: 0022-1767
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2022 08:47

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