Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Protein kinase R plays a pivotal role in oncostatin M and interleukin-1 signalling in bovine articular cartilage chondrocytes

Gilbert, Sophie Jane, Blain, Emma Jane ORCID:, Al-Sabah, Ayesha, Zhang, Yadan, Duance, Victor Colin ORCID: and Mason, Deborah Jane ORCID: 2012. Protein kinase R plays a pivotal role in oncostatin M and interleukin-1 signalling in bovine articular cartilage chondrocytes. European Cells and Materials 23 , pp. 41-57.

Full text not available from this repository.


This study investigated whether treatment of articular cartilage chondrocytes with a combination of oncostatin M (OSM) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) could induce a degradative phenotype that was mediated through the protein kinase R (PKR) signalling pathway. High-density monolayer cultures of full depth, bovine chondrocytes were treated with a combination of OSM and IL-1 (OSM+IL-1) for 7 days. To inhibit the activation of PKR, a pharmacological inhibitor of PKR was added to duplicate cultures. Pro- and active matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) and MMP9 mRNA were significantly upregulated by OSM+IL-1 through a PKR dependent mechanism. ADAMTS4 and ADAMTS5 mRNA were also upregulated by OSM+IL-1. The upregulation of ADAMTS4 and ADAMTS5 were, in part, mediated through PKR. OSM+IL-1 resulted in a loss of type II collagen, which could not be rescued by PKR inhibition. OSM+IL-1 reduced the expression of COL2A1 (type II collagen), COL9A1 (type IX collagen), COL11A1 (type XI collagen), and ACAN (aggrecan) mRNAs. Expression of type II and XI collagen and aggrecan was reduced further when PKR was inhibited. OSM+IL-1 resulted in an 11-fold increase in TNFa mRNA which was, in part, mediated through the PKR pathway. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that a number of catabolic and pro-inflammatory effects known to be important in human arthritis and induced by OSM and IL-1, are mediated by the PKR signalling pathway.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Articular cartilage, chondrocytes, protein kinase R, oncostatin M, interleukin-1, matrix metalloproteinase, aggrecanase, tumour necrosis factor alpha, type II collagen
Publisher: European Cells & Materials Ltd
ISSN: 1473-2262
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 09:17

Citation Data

Cited 16 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item