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Interferon gamma decreases interleukin 1 beta-mediated cartilage loss in rheumatoid arthritis [Abstract]

Page, Charlotte E., Smale, Shaun, Lauder, Sarah Nicol, Carty, Sara Madelaine and Williams, Anwen Sian ORCID: 2007. Interferon gamma decreases interleukin 1 beta-mediated cartilage loss in rheumatoid arthritis [Abstract]. Rheumatology 46 , I45-I46.

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Introduction: The first few months after symptom onset represents a pathologically distinct phase in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We used relevant experimental models to define the pathological role of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) during early inflammatory arthritis. Methods: We studied IFN-γ's capacity to modulate interleukin-1β (IL-1β) induced degenerative responses using RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS), a bovine articular cartilage explant (BACE)/RA-FLS co-culture model and an experimental inflammatory arthritis model (murine antigen-induced arthritis (AIA)). Results: IFN-γ modulated IL-1β driven matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) synthesis resulting in the down-regulation of MMP-1 and MMP-3 production in vitro. IFN-γ did not affect IL-1β induced tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) production by RA FLS but skewed the MMP/TIMP-1 balance sufficiently to attenuate glycosaminoglycan-depletion in our BACE model. IFN-γ reduced IL-1β expression in the arthritic joint and prevented cartilage degeneration on Day 3 of AIA. Conclusions: Early therapeutic intervention with IFN-γ may be critical to orchestrate tissue-protective responses during inflammatory arthritis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1462-0324
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 10:13

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