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K-ras and Wnt signaling synergize to accelerate prostate tumorigenesis in the mouse

Pearson, Helen B. ORCID:, Phesse, Toby ORCID: and Clarke, Alan Richard ORCID: 2009. K-ras and Wnt signaling synergize to accelerate prostate tumorigenesis in the mouse. Cancer Research 69 (1) , pp. 94-101. 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-2895

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Aberrant Ras and Wnt signaling are emerging as key events in the multistep nature of prostate tumorigenesis and progression. Here, we report the generation of a compound model of prostate cancer to define the synergism of activated K-ras (K-ras+/V12) and dominant stabilized β-catenin (Catnb+/lox(ex3)) in the murine prostate. Recombination of floxed alleles and subsequent expression of oncogenic transgenes was mediated by Cre recombinase expression governed by the composite Probasin (PB) promoter (termed PBCre). Concomitant with elevated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, PBCre+K-ras+/V12 mice developed AH at 100 days (100% incidence) and low-grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasia and adenocarcinoma (60% and 7% incidence) by 500 days. PBCre+Catnb+/lox(ex3) mice showed reduced longevity (average 428 days) and were predisposed to PIN-like keratinized squamous metaplasia at 100 days (100% incidence) and adenocarcinoma (100% incidence) at end-point. These lesions displayed elevated Wnt signaling and basal levels of MAPK signaling. Synchronous activation of K-ras and β-catenin significantly reduced survival (average 189 days), reflecting accelerated tumorigenesis and the development of invasive carcinoma that displayed activated Wnt and MAPK signaling. Notably, expression of the basal cell marker p63 negatively correlated with tumor grade, resembling human prostate adenocarcinoma. Taken together, our data show that combinatorial oncogenic mutations of K-ras and β-catenin drive rapid progression of prostate tumorigenesis to invasive carcinoma, characterized by the synergistic elevation of androgen receptor, cyclooxygenase-2, and c-Myc. [Cancer Res 2009;69(1):94–101]

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute (ECSCRI)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Publisher: American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN: 0008-5472
Date of Acceptance: 30 October 2008
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2023 10:01

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