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Golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial function implicated in Alzheimer's disease through polygenic risk and RNA sequencing

Crawford, Karen, Leonenko, Ganna ORCID:, Baker, Emily, Grozeva, Detelina ORCID:, Lan-Leung, Benoit, Holmans, Peter ORCID:, Williams, Julie ORCID:, O'Donovan, Michael C. ORCID:, Escott-Price, Valentina ORCID: and Ivanov, Dobril K. ORCID: 2022. Golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial function implicated in Alzheimer's disease through polygenic risk and RNA sequencing. Molecular Psychiatry 10.1038/s41380-022-01926-8

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Polygenic risk scores (PRS) have been widely adopted as a tool for measuring common variant liability and they have been shown to predict lifetime risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) development. However, the relationship between PRS and AD pathogenesis is largely unknown. To this end, we performed a differential gene-expression and associated disrupted biological pathway analyses of AD PRS vs. case/controls in human brain-derived cohort sample (cerebellum/temporal cortex; MayoRNAseq). The results highlighted already implicated mechanisms: immune and stress response, lipids, fatty acids and cholesterol metabolisms, endosome and cellular/neuronal death, being disrupted biological pathways in both case/controls and PRS, as well as previously less well characterised processes such as cellular structures, mitochondrial respiration and secretion. Despite heterogeneity in terms of differentially expressed genes in case/controls vs. PRS, there was a consensus of commonly disrupted biological mechanisms. Glia and microglia-related terms were also significantly disrupted, albeit not being the top disrupted Gene Ontology terms. GWAS implicated genes were significantly and in their majority, up-regulated in response to different PRS among the temporal cortex samples, suggesting potential common regulatory mechanisms. Tissue specificity in terms of disrupted biological pathways in temporal cortex vs. cerebellum was observed in relation to PRS, but limited tissue specificity when the datasets were analysed as case/controls. The largely common biological mechanisms between a case/control classification and in association with PRS suggests that PRS stratification can be used for studies where suitable case/control samples are not available or the selection of individuals with high and low PRS in clinical trials.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Springer Nature [academic journals on]
ISSN: 1359-4184
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 January 2023
Date of Acceptance: 14 December 2022
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2024 02:15

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