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Delineating immune-mediated mechanisms underlying hair follicle destruction in the mouse mutant defolliculated

Ruge, Fiona, Glavini, Aikaterini, Gallimore, Awen Myfanwy ORCID:, Richards, Hannah E., Thomas, Christopher P. ORCID:, O'Donnell, Valerie Bridget ORCID:, Philpott, Michael P. and Porter, Rebecca ORCID: 2011. Delineating immune-mediated mechanisms underlying hair follicle destruction in the mouse mutant defolliculated. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 131 (3) , pp. 572-579. 10.1038/jid.2010.379

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Defolliculated (Gsdma3Dfl/+) mice have a hair loss phenotype that involves an aberrant hair cycle, altered sebaceous gland differentiation with reduced sebum production, chronic inflammation, and ultimately the loss of the hair follicle. Hair loss in these mice is similar to that seen in primary cicatricial, or scarring alopecias in which immune targeting of hair follicle stem cells has been proposed as a key factor resulting in permanent hair follicle destruction. In this study we examine the mechanism of hair loss in GsdmA3Dfl/+ mice. Aberrant expression patterns of stem cell markers during the hair cycle, in addition to aberrant behavior of the melanocytes leading to ectopic pigmentation of the hair follicle and epidermis, indicated the stem cell niche was not maintained. An autoimmune mechanism was excluded by crossing the mice with rag1−/− mice. However, large numbers of macrophages and increased expression of ICAM-1 were still present and may be involved either directly or indirectly in the hair loss. Reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry of sebaceous gland differentiation markers revealed reduced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), a potential cause of reduced sebum production, as well as the potential involvement of the innate immune system in the hair loss. As reduced PPARγ expression has recently been implicated as a cause for lichen planopilaris, these mice may be useful for testing therapies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RL Dermatology
Publisher: Society for Investigative Dermatology
ISSN: 0022-202X
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2022 14:39

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