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Pleiotropy of microRNA-192 in the kidney

Jenkins, Robert Hywel ORCID:, Martin, John, Phillips, Aled Owain ORCID:, Bowen, Timothy ORCID: and Fraser, Donald James ORCID: 2012. Pleiotropy of microRNA-192 in the kidney. Biochemical Society Transactions 40 (4) , pp. 762-767. 10.1042/BST20120085

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Diverse aetiologies result in significant deviation from homoeostasis in the kidney, leading to CKD (chronic kidney disease). CKD progresses to end-stage renal disease principally as a result of renal fibrosis, although the molecular mechanisms underlying this fibrotic process are still poorly understood. miRNAs (microRNAs) are a recently discovered family of endogenous short single-stranded RNAs that regulate global gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. The recent findings from our laboratory and others discussed in the present review outline pleiotropic roles for miR-192 in renal homoeostasis and in the fibrotic kidney. We describe miR-192-driven anti-and pro-fibrotic effects via the repression of ZEB1 and ZEB2 (zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox proteins 1 and 2), resulting in changes in extracellular matrix deposition and cell differentiation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF), microRNA (miRNA), p53, renal fibrosis, transcription
Publisher: Biochemical Society
ISSN: 0300-5127
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2023 06:45

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