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Expression of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored CD59 on target cells enhances human NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity

Omidvar, Nader, Wang, Edward Chung Yern, Brennan, Paul, Longhi, M. Paula, Smith, Richard A. G. and Morgan, Bryan Paul 2006. Expression of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored CD59 on target cells enhances human NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Journal of immunology 176 (5) , pp. 2915-2923.

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NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity of target cells is the result of a balance between the activating and inhibitory signals provided by their respective ligand-receptor interactions. In our current study, we have investigated the significance of CD59 on human target cells in modulating this process. A range of CD59 site-specific Abs were used in NK cytotoxicity blocking studies against the CD59-expressing K562 target cell line. Significantly reduced cytotoxicity was observed in the presence of Abs previously shown to lack blocking capacity for C-mediated lysis. We investigated the consequences for alternative membrane attachment modalities, namely bis-myristoylated-peptidyl (BiMP) and GPI anchoring, on CD59-negative U937 cells. Expression of GPI-anchored CD59 either via transfection or incorporation rendered U937 targets more susceptible to NK cytotoxicity, whereas incorporation of CD59 via a BiMP anchor to similar levels did not alter susceptibility to NK cytotoxicity. Localization of both BiMP- and GPI-anchored CD59 proteins was shown to be within the lipid raft microdomain. A role for the GPI anchor and independence from glycosylation status was confirmed by expression of transmembrane-anchored CD59 or unglycosylated CD59 and by testing in NK cytotoxicity assays. To investigate mechanisms, we compared the signaling capacity of the various forms of expressed and incorporated CD59 following Ab cross-linking in calcium flux assays. GPI-anchored CD59, with or without glycosylation, mediated activation events, whereas CD59 forms lacking the GPI anchor did not. The data show that the increased susceptibility of target cells expressing CD59 to NK cytotoxicity requires GPI anchor-mediating signaling events, likely mediated by interactions between GPI-anchored CD59 on targets and NK receptors.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
ISSN: 1048-3233
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:31

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