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Germ line-governed recognition of a cancer epitope by an immunodominant human T-cell receptor

Cole, David, Yuan, Fang, Rizkallah, Pierre, Miles, John James, Gostick, Emma, Price, David, Gao, George F., Jakobsen, Bent K. and Sewell, Andrew K. 2009. Germ line-governed recognition of a cancer epitope by an immunodominant human T-cell receptor. Journal of Biological Chemistry 284 (40) , 27281-27289. 10.1074/jbc.M109.022509

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CD8+ T-cells specific for MART-1-(26–35), a dominant melanoma epitope restricted by human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A*0201, are exceptionally common in the naive T-cell repertoire. Remarkably, the TRAV12-2 gene is used to encode the T-cell receptor α (TCRα) chain in >87% of these T-cells. Here, the molecular basis for this genetic bias is revealed from the structural and thermodynamic properties of an archetypal TRAV12-2-encoded TCR complexed to the clinically relevant heteroclitic peptide, ELAGIGILTV, bound to HLA-A*0201 (A2-ELA). Unusually, the TRAV12-2 germ line-encoded regions of the TCR dominate the major atomic contacts with the peptide at the TCR/A2-ELA interface. This “innate” pattern of antigen recognition probably explains the unique characteristics and extraordinary frequencies of CD8+ T-cell responses to this epitope.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN: 0021-9258
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2020 15:30

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