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Structural basis for the killing of human beta cells by CD8+ T cells in type 1 diabetes

Bulek, Anna, Cole, David, Skowera, Ania, Dolton, Garry, Gras, Stephanie, Madura, Florian, Fuller, Anna, Miles, John, Gostick, Emma, Price, David, Drijfhout, Jan W, Knight, Robin R, Huang, Guo C, Lissin, Nikolai, Molloy, Peter E, Wooldridge, Linda, Jakobsen, Bent K, Rossjohn, Jamie, Peakman, Mark, Rizkallah, Pierre and Sewell, Andrew 2012. Structural basis for the killing of human beta cells by CD8+ T cells in type 1 diabetes. Nature Immunology 13 (3) , pp. 283-289. 10.1038/ni.2206

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The structural characteristics of autoreactive-T cell receptor (TCR) engagement of major histocompatability (MHC) class II-restricted self-antigens is established, but how autoimmune- TCRs interact with self-MHC class I has been unclear. We examined how CD8+ T cells kill human islet β-cells, in Type-1 diabetes, via autoreactive-TCR (1E6) recognition of an HLAA* 0201-restricted glucose-sensitive preproinsulin peptide. Rigid ‘lock-and-key’ binding underpinned the 1E6-HLA-A*0201-peptide interaction, whereby 1E6 docked similarly to most MHCI-restricted TCRs. However, this interaction was extraordinarily weak, due to limited contacts with MHCI. TCR binding was highly peptide-centric, dominated by two CDR3-loopencoded residues, acting as an ‘aromatic-cap’, over the peptide MHCI (pMHCI). Thus, highly focused peptide-centric interactions associated with suboptimal TCR-pMHCI binding affinities might lead to thymic escape and potential CD8+ T cell-mediated autoreactivity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1529-2908
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 October 2017
Date of Acceptance: 6 December 2011
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2020 14:25

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